Here are some very interesting historical facts about natural remedies. Most of this information is collected from the internet and the citation of the source is also listed.
- The use of plants as medicines predates written human history. Evidence indicates that humans are using medicinal plants for 60,000 years approximately. (citation)
- At a Neanderthal burial site at Shanidar Cave Iraq, discovered in 1960, archeologists found the body had been buried with eight species of medicinal plants. This site is some 60,000 to 80,000 years old.
- Stone age man has been found with seeds and from numerous medicinal plants showing that humans have been using plants as medicine in one form or another for over 10000 years.
- 2700 BCE “Merit-Ptah” Chief Physician of Ancient Egypt and first recorded Female Physician in the history.
- The Chinese book on roots and grasses “Pen T Sao” Written by Emperor Shen Nung circa 2500 BC, treats 365 drugs (dried parts of medicinal plants) many of which are used even nowadays such as camphor, cinnamon bark, jimson weed, etc. (citation)
- Hippocrates 460-377 BC often called the Father of Modern Medicine, was one of the first physicians to separate health and medicine from superstition, and his philosophy based on the healing power of nature. He published many works on diagnosis, on how a physician should conduct himself and his practice. (citation)
- In the book “The Ebers of Papyrus of Egypt,” which dates to 1500 b.c includes descriptions of dozens of herbal remedies and their uses including castor oil.
- 1500 BCE Vedic Texts are said to date from around this time. The Vedas make reference to many important medicines, many of which have compounds identified as important medicines by modern science. Vedas mention the use of metals in health preservation. Use of Mercury as a medicine is mentioned in “Atharva Veda” (citation)
- Susruta Practiced medicine and surgery about 600 BCE. Due to the mentioning of pharmacology, his book Susruta Samhita is regarded as one of the best books to learn the treatment of surgery.
- In 300 BC, in the book “Charaka Samhita” written by the physician Charaka in India, he describes 350 herbal medicines including visnaga, an herb of North Africa Origin that has recently proven effective in treating asthma (citation)
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